Gold Sovereigns

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Branch Mints

Since 1871, British sovereigns were struck at branch mints, in addition to the Royal Mint in London.
The first branch mint to strike sovereigns was Sydney in Australia. It made good sense to produce British sovereigns close to the gold mining source areas, rather than ship the gold to London to be made into coin, then possibly ship it back again.
In 1872, the Melbourne mint followed.
The Perth, Australia mint started production of sovereigns in 1899, and the Ottawa mint in Canada started in 1908.
The Bombay mint in India struck sovereigns in just one year, 1918, and the Pretoria mint in South Africa started production in 1923.

Mintmarks
The mintmarks used by the various mints are as follows:-
MintMintmarkFirstLast
LondonNone1817Date
SydneyS18711926
MelbourneM18721931
PerthP18991931
OttawaC19081919
BombayI19181918
PretoriaSA19231932

Victoria Young Head
On Victoria young head sovereigns with shield reverse, the mintmarks are to be found on the reverse below the wreath but above the rose.
For the Victoria young head St. George issues, the mintmark appears on the obverse under the head.

Later Issues
On later issues, the mintmarks are to be found on the ground above the centre of the date. Many collectors find the mintmarks very difficult to find at their first attempt, but it really is quite easy once you know where to look. It helps of course to use a magnifying glass, we use a x10 magnification.
Our photographs show a close-up of the date and mintmark for all seven of the branch mints operating during the twentieth century.

Mint Mark Sets For Sale

More About Mints
Ottawa Mint Canada

Die Numbers
You may also be interested in finding die numbers on sovereigns.


S = Sydney Mintmark on Reverse of 1871 Shield Sovereign
S = Sydney Mintmark on Reverse of 1871 Shield Sovereign

M Below Head on Obverse of 1877 Melbourne Mint Victoria Young Head Sovereign St. George Reverse
M Below Head on Obverse of 1877 Melbourne Mint Victoria Young Head Sovereign St. George Reverse

No Mintmark on 1957 London Mint Elizabeth II Sovereign
No Mintmark on 1957 London Mint Elizabeth II Sovereign

S = Sydney Mintmark on 1893 Victoria Old Head Sovereign
S = Sydney Mintmark on 1893 Victoria Old Head Sovereign

M = Melbourne Mintmark in 1889 Victoria Jubilee Head Sovereign
M = Melbourne Mintmark in 1889 Victoria Jubilee Head Sovereign

P = Perth Mint Australia on 1908 Edward VII Soovereign
P = Perth Mint Australia on 1908 Edward VII Sovereign

C = Ottawa Canada Mintmark on Reverse of 1914 George V Sovereign
C = Ottawa Canada Mintmark on Reverse of 1914 George V Sovereign

I = Bombay India Mintmark on 1918 George V Sovereign
I = Bombay India Mintmark on 1918 George V Sovereign

S.A. = Pretoria Mint South Africa on 1932 George V Sovereign
S.A. = Pretoria Mint South Africa on 1932 George V Sovereign

Die Numbers

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